This HSE Traning Presentation will help you which chemical is the cause of cancer
The main Objective of the Traning Presentation are:
Discuss the Local Written Policy Discuss the Physical and Health Hazards of Carcinogens Discuss Employee Protective Measures Discuss Carcinogen Warning Labels Introduce the Basic Safety Rules for Carcinogen Use
32,000,000 Workers Exposed to Chemicals Daily
575,000 Existing Chemical Products
Bhopal India Tragedy December 1984
OSHA Hazard Communication Standard
– Standard: 29 CFR 1910.1200
– Establishes Worker Right-to-Know?Program
– Requires Written Hazcom Program
– Requires Use of Material Safety Data Sheets
– Requires Use of Labels and Other Warnings
– Requires Carcinogens to Be Listed
– Requires Hazards and Precautions to Be Explained
The ‘Bhopal Disaster’ was an industrial disaster that occurred in Bhopal, India, resulting in the deaths of more than 3,000 people, according to the Indian Supreme Court. A more probable figure is that 8,000 died within two weeks, and it is estimated that the same number have since died from gas-related diseases. However, testimonies from doctors who provided medical assistance during the tragedy claim over 15,000 were dead in the first month alone.
The incident took place in the early hours of the morning of December 3, 1984, in the heart of the city of Bhopal in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. A Union Carbide subsidiary pesticide plant released 40 tons of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas, killing approximately 3,800 people. Bhopal disaster is frequently cited as one of the world’s worst industrial disasters.
Today, more than 100,000 people have permanent injuries, light or severe. The groundwater around the plant area is contaminated, and the question of cleaning up the area is still unsolved.
The Study of Congenital Malformations First Correlated German Measles to Birth Defects Causes of Congenital Malformations Heredity Maternal Diseases Like German Measles Maternal Viral Infections During Pregnancy Maternal Malnutrition Physical Injury Ionizing Radiation Exposure Chemical Exposure
Review the Respective Material Safety Data Sheet Agents Having Conclusive Teratogenic Effects Anesthetic Gases Organic Mercury Compounds Ionizing Radiation German Measles Thalidomide
Hundreds of individual compounds have been shown to induce cancers. Thousands of additional compounds are suspected carcinogens. Many are commonly used in laboratory operations, shops, and art studios. Most of them can be seen in the construction as insulation materials, gaskets, brake lining, spray insulation, Rockwool, glass wool
Cancer Development Factors
Dose: Amount and length of exposure. The lower the dose the less likely you are to develop cancer or related diseases.
Environmental or Lifestyle factors
Cigarette smoking (co-carcinogen)
Alcohol consumption (co-carcinogen)
Diet–high-fat consumption, natural antioxidants
Geographic location–industrial areas, UV light
Therapeutic drugs–some are known carcinogens
Personal Protective Equipment
Respiratory protection: Dust masks, respirators. Respirators are primarily for use in non-lab areas, except for emergency response (spill cleanup)–shops, floor stripping, and construction operations (painting). Eye protection: Safety glasses, splash goggles, face shields. Hand protection: Gloves, protective sleeves. Protective clothing: Lab coats, aprons, Tyvek garments. OSHA standards for personal protective equipment supersede other OSHA standards.
Carcinogens: Stored separately from other materials. Separated: Shelving system or secondary containment. Secondary containment: Placing chemical containers in an outer container to prevent the release of a chemical in the event that its container breaks or ruptures. Desiccators, plastic boxes, and bottle-in-can are acceptable secondary containment. Storage areas: Labeled Danger–Carcinogens Stored Here.
Housekeeping and Maintenance
Keep all work surfaces and equipment clean. Dry sweeping or compressed air cleaning of floors or work surfaces is prohibited. Dry cleaning of surfaces and equipment must be done by vacuum systems with high-efficiency filters. All contaminated floor sweepings, debris (paper towels, plasticware), and discarded filters from respirators or vacuums must be bagged, properly labeled, and properly disposed of.
Decontamination and Emergency Procedures
Incidental spills may be cleaned up by trained company personnel. Larger spills may require notification of emergency response personnel. A fire extinguisher should be on hand as required. (Training needed). Written emergency response plans should be reviewed during training. (Training required)
Inventory & Waste Carcinogens
Waste containers must be properly labeled and sealed at all times (except when adding or removing waste) and they must have secondary containment. Dry wastes must be properly disposed of. Plan the use of carcinogens carefully. Substitute less hazardous materials. Purchase in the smallest possible quantities. Do not allow inventories to accumulate. Promptly dispose of no longer needed materials. Detoxify carcinogens when capable.
Carcinogen Materials Handling Procedure
> The procedure must contain: > The name and location of the chemical > Purchasing and usage authorization > Training requirements > Location of use > PPE required > Methods of waste disposal > Decontamination measures > First-aid measures > Spill control measures > Emergency phone numbers > And any other relevant information. > Employees must be trained in the content of the procedure
Cancer-Causing Chemicals Safety Program
Detailed Carcinogen Materials Handling Procedure Extensive Employee Training Programs Periodic Reinforcement of Training Sufficient Discipline Regarding Implementation
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